Chat with us, powered by LiveChat

Equality and Inequality

Justice and Law

July 10–16, 2022 | Annapolis, MD

What is equality? What is meant by fairness? Are fairness and equality the same? Many of us are familiar with the Declaration of Independence’s bold claim, “we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal,” but is this rhetoric or reality? Through ancient and modern writings on philosophy and politics, we will delve deeper into the foundations of inequality, and then look at the natural, social, political, and economic ramifications in the America’s founding documents, and the writings of Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglass, and Susan B. Anthony. Building on these conversations, we will discover interdisciplinary connections that lead us into Archimedes’ laboratory to explore his concepts of balance and counterbalance.

Sample readings include Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Rousseau’s Second Discourse on Equality, Tocqueville’s Democracy America, Archimedes’ “On the Equilibrium of Planes,” and speeches by Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglass, and Susan B. Anthony.

General Information About Camp

Summer Academy Students at Maryland State Capitol St Johns College

Classes and Readings


  • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
  • Rousseau, Second Discourse on Inequality
  • Tocqueville, Democracy in America


Archimedes, On the Equilibrium of Planes


  • Hamilton, Madison, and Jay, The Federalist Papers
  • Lincoln, “Young Men’s Lyceum” and Gettysburg addresses
  • Douglass, “The Hypocrisy of Slavery”
  • Susan B. Anthony, “On Women’s Right to Vote”

Example Workshops

Croquet, Swing Dancing, Painting/Drawing

Example activities

Visits to the Supreme Court of the United States and Annapolis State House

Summer Academy in Annapolis

At the St. John’s College Summer Academy, the community formed among students is a natural extension of the friendships and ideas formed in the classroom. To this end, Summer Academy students experience life at St. John’s by taking lessons in croquet, swing dancing, sailing, and choral singing. Students’ conversations about justice, nature, and law will continue as they are taken on a tour of the Maryland State House and attend a performance of Shakespeare’s The Tempest by the Annapolis Shakespeare Company.